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National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program

 

On October 1, 1988, the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-660) created the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP). The VICP was established to ensure an adequate supply of vaccines, stabilize vaccine costs, and establish and maintain an accessible and efficient forum for individuals found to be injured by certain vaccines. The VICP is a no-fault alternative to the traditional tort system for resolving vaccine injury claims that provides compensation to people found to be injured by certain vaccines. The U. S. Court of Federal Claims decides who will be paid. Three Federal government offices have a role in the VICP:
  • the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS);
  • the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ); and
  • the U.S. Court of Federal Claims (the Court).
The VICP is located in the HHS, Health Resources and Services Administration, Healthcare Systems Bureau, Division of Vaccine Injury Compensation.

Authorizing Legislation (PDF- 497 KB)

Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund

The Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund provides funding for the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program to compensate vaccine-related injury or death claims for covered vaccines administered on or after October 1, 1988.

Funded by a $0.75 excise tax on vaccines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for routine administration to children. The excise tax is imposed on each dose (disease that is prevented) of a vaccine. Trivalent influenza vaccine for example, is taxed $0.75 because it prevents one disease;  measles-mumps-rubella vaccine, which prevents three diseases, is taxed $2.25.

The Department of Treasury collects the excise taxes and manages the Fund’s investments.  Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund Monthly Reports

Contact VICP

National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP)
Parklawn Building, Room 11C-26
5600 Fishers Lane
Rockville, Maryland 20857
Phone: 1-800-338-2382

Media Inquiries

Press Office
Office of Communications
Health Resources and Services Administration
5600 Fishers Lane 20857
Rockville, MD 20857
Phone: 1-301-443-3376
Email: press@hrsa.gov


Contacting the Court for More Information about Filing a Claim
Clerk
U.S. Court of Federal Claims
717 Madison Place, N.W.
Washington, DC 20005
(202) 357-6400


Obtaining a List of Lawyers Who File VICP Claims
A list of vaccine attorneys can be obtained by accessing the Court's website or your State or local bar association.

Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS)
VAERS is a Federal program used to report injuries or illnesses that occur after a vaccine is given. Filing a VAERS report is not the same as filing a claim with the VICP. VAERS and the VICP are different programs. For more information about VAERS, call 1-800-822-7967 or visit the VAERS website.

Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program

Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program provides compensation to individuals for serious physical injuries or deaths from pandemic, epidemic, or security countermeasures, such as the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine (swine flu vaccine), Tamiflu, Relenza or Peramivir, identified in declarations issued by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.