The museum's mission is to collect, preserve and interpret the medical and cultural artifacts of the Carville Historic District and to promote the understanding, identification and treatment of Hansen's Disease (leprosy) by creating and maintaining museum displays, traveling exhibits, publications and a Web site in order to educate and inform the public.
The vision of the National Hansen's Disease Museum is to support the National Hansen's Disease Programs in its effort to enhance the publics' understanding of the history, treatment and rehabilitation of leprosy in the United States, and to commemorate those who lived at the national leprosarium as patients, as well as the health care professionals who made medical history as they battled leprosy.
To oversee the management of the National Hansen's Disease Museum, the Director established the NHDP Museum Committee. The committee was charged with the development of all policies and procedures to implement the mission and advise the Director on the operation and needs of the museum. The committee meets quarterly, and at the call of the Chairperson, to review the operation of the museum.