What other federal agencies support health IT adoption and Meaningful Use?
Increased use of health IT is an important step in improving quality of care and patient safety. As noted in the Health IT Adoption Toolbox, the focus on health IT adoption was initiated by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report in 2000, To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System, which highlighted improved use of computerized applications as a core strategy for improving safety and quality of the healthcare system. Later, in 2001, the IOM released another report, Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century, which focused additional attention on the role health IT can play in providing health care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable.
In addition to HRSA support, several Federal agencies provide funding to promote health IT adoption. The Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) funded the National Resource Center for Health IT (NRC) in 2004 and funded approximately $166 million in health IT projects throughout the United States. The Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) was created by Executive Order in 2004 and was created in law in 2009 under the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act. ONC is the “principal Federal entity charged with coordination of nationwide efforts to implement and use the most advanced health information technology and the electronic exchange of health information.”
Under HITECH, HHS supports multiple programs and tools to improve health care safety and quality through health IT. One such program is the CMS Medicaid and Medicare EHR Incentive program, whereby eligible professionals (including oral health providers) and hospitals can qualify for incentive payments by adopting, certifying, and meaningfully using EHR technologies. Other programs include the Beacon Community Program, the State Health Information Exchange Cooperative Agreement Program, the Health Information Technology Extension Programs (also called the Regional Extension Centers), and the Strategic Health IT Advanced Research Projects (SHARP) Program. A complete list of the programs supported by ONC under HITECH can be found here. More information on Meaningful Use and the components which are most applicable to oral health providers is available in Section 3 of this Module.
The 2011 HHS Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities also discusses adoption of health information technology, specifically including as Strategy I.C.2 the goal to “improve outreach for and adoption of certified electronic health record (EHR) technology to improve care through the Regional Extension Centers program and other federal grant programs.” Strategy I.C.4 from the same report also discusses the importance of increasing access to dental care among Medicaid and CHIP patients.
Additional resources about the importance of health IT – both in general and with respect to oral health – are available below:
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