Women's Health USA 2012 is an easy-to-use collection of current and historical data on some of the most pressing health challenges facing women, their families, and their communities. The 2012 edition highlights several new topics, including adverse childhood experiences, sexual risk behaviors, sexual violence, and Internet use for health information.
Data in Women's Health USA
Updated annually. See Women's Health USA chartbooks from past years.
Health Center Data provide detailed national and State data on HRSA-supported health centers, which provided medical, dental and mental health care to 19.5 million patients last year – more than half of them female. Health centers provide a broad range of women's health services and provided perinatal care to 489,883 women in 2010.
Maternal and Child Health Data capture program, performance and financial data on the Maternal and Child Health Block Grant to States and more than 900 grants that help to ensure that the Nation's women, infants, children, adolescents, and their families have access to quality health care.
State Women's Health Profiles provide each U.S. State and jurisdiction's women's health-related priority needs, State performance and outcome measures, and additional women’s health-related data supplied by States in the 2010 Maternal and Child Health Block Grant 5-year needs assessments.
Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Data offer in-depth information on the HRSA program that funds primary care and support services for people living with and affected by HIV disease who lack health insurance and financial resources for their care. Women, who comprised 23% of estimated new HIV infections in 2009 and 28% of people living with HIV in 2008, accounted for 33% of the clients receiving Ryan White care and 22% of the clients receiving life-sustaining drug therapies through the Ryan White Program in 2008.
Although Asian women tend to be healthier, some subgroups may face higher rates of diabetes, hepatitis infection, and certain types of cancer. For example, in 2006–2010, 12.4 percent of Asian Indian women reported having been diagnosed with diabetes compared to 4.7 percent of Chinese women. The receipt of recommended cervical cancer screening was substantially lower among Asian Indian, Chinese, and Other Asian (71.5, 71.6, and 70.2 percent, respectively) compared to Filipina (86.9 percent) and non-Hispanic White women (84.6 percent).
Reflecting greater barriers to care, rural women in 2010 were more likely than their urban counterparts to be uninsured (18.0 percent versus 14.3 percent, respectively) and to not have had a dental visit in the past year (35.6 percent versus 28.1 percent, respectively). Rural women were also more likely to be smoke cigarettes (20.5% percent versus 14.4 percent, respectively), physically inactive (29.2 percent versus 25.1percent, respectively) and obese (30.4 percent versus 25.9 percent, respectively). Consistent with poorer indicators of health status and access to health care, rural women tend to have higher mortality rates.
Overall, 60.7 percent of adults reported having a dental visit in 2008–2010. Women were somewhat more likely to have had a past-year dental visit than men (64.1 and 57.0 percent, respectively). Among both men and women, those with higher levels of education were more likely to have had a dental visit. For example, 80.9 percent of women with a college degree or higher had a past year dental visit, compared to only 41.6 percent of women with less than a high school education.
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
In 2010, 35.6 percent of adult women aged 18 years and older, or 42.4 million women, reported having experienced rape, physical violence, and/or stalking by an intimate partner in their lifetime while nearly 6 percent reported at least one of these experiences in the past 12 months.
Of these forms of IPV, lifetime experience of physical violence was most commonly reported by women (32.9 percent), followed by stalking (10.7 percent), and rape (9.4 percent).
Source: WHUSA 2012