Overview of Principal Programs

HRSA has an annual budget of approximately $10 billion. With that, HRSA operates more than 80 programs and awards more than 10,000 grants and supplements to approximately 3,000 partner organizations. Comprised of five bureaus and ten offices, HRSA provides leadership and support to health care providers, schools for health professionals, local health systems, states, and other entities throughout the United States and its territories.

Health Center Program

The Health Center program funds nearly 1,300 grantees to provide dependable, high-quality primary and preventive care at over 9,000 clinical sites. These grantees serve nearly 23 million patients regardless of their ability to pay, forming a major part of the nation’s healthcare safety net.

Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program

The Ryan White HIV/AIDS program supports 900 grantees in providing top-quality health care to more than half a million people living with HIV. This is nearly 60% of those living with HIV in the United States. The Ryan White HIV/AIDS program also supports access to life-saving drug treatment regimens for low-income, underinsured, and uninsured people with HIV.

National Health Service Corps

The National Health Service Corps provides scholarships and loan repayments to encourage primary care and other clinical care providers to work in underserved areas to improve access to health professionals.  

Health Workforce Training Programs

The Health Workforce Training programs give financial support to educational institutions and healthcare delivery sites for training and curriculum development, and for scholarship and loan repayment for health professions students and faculty. The goal is to support a diverse workforce that is technically skilled, culturally appropriate, and suited for a contemporary practice environment that includes interprofessional team-based care.

Maternal and Child Health Block Grant Program

The Maternal and Child Health Block Grant program provides grants to 59 states and U.S. jurisdictions to support health systems infrastructure development, public information and education, screening and counseling, and other services (including direct care services as payer of last resort). Recipients of these grants annually reach more than 41 million women, infants, children, and children with special health` care needs.

Rural Health Policy Program

The Rural Health Policy program advises the Department of Health and Human Services on health policy issues impacting health care finance, workforce, and access to care in rural areas. The program also runs state- and community-based grant, technical assistance, and telehealth programs to build capacity in rural communities and help meet the health needs of rural residents. In addition, the program supports research on issues related to the delivery and financing of health care in rural America.

Other HRSA Programs

HRSA is responsible for the federal designation of Health Professional Shortage Areas and Medically Underserved Areas/Populations. HRSA also oversees or supports many other activities that are critical to the nation’s health and well-being. These include:

  • the Healthy Start Program
  • the national network of poison control centers
  • national organ procurement and allocation activities
  • the National Vaccine Injury and Countermeasures Injury Compensation Programs
  • the 340B Drug Pricing Program
  • the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program
  • Hansen’s Disease treatment, training, and research programs
  • the National Practitioner Data Bank that helps improve healthcare quality, protect the public, and reduce healthcare fraud and abuse
Date Last Reviewed:  March 2016

HRSA Vision & Mission

Healthy Communities, Healthy People

To improve health and achieve health equity through access to quality services, a skilled health workforce and innovative programs.