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About the Committee

Authorizing Legislation

Public Health Service Act 42 USC 217a, Section 222 (PDF - 52 KB)

Public Law 92-463, (5 U.S.C. App. 2) (PDF - 117 KB)

2021-2023 Charter (PDF - 178 KB)

Members List (PDF - 26 KB)

Background on Infant Mortality

At the time of ACIMM’s formation in 1991, two-thirds of infant deaths occurred in the first month of life. Although neonatal mortality rates have declined dramatically, the incidence of preterm birth, low birth weight, and very low birth weight have not significantly improved.

Furthermore, racial disparities continue to persist. African Americans have an approximately twofold greater rate of low birth weight, a twofold greater rate of intrauterine growth restriction, and a threefold greater risk of very low birth weight than white Americans.

Prematurity, low birth weight and intrauterine growth restriction are the leading causes of neonatal mortality. However, the vast majority of infant deaths are from preventable causes such as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, injuries, and infections. Although the genetics and the biology of sleep position are unknown, it is clear from population-based studies that putting babies to sleep on their backs has a tremendous benefit in reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Despite this information, African Americans and Native Americans have a two- to threefold greater risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome than their white counterparts.

ACIMM is dedicated to eliminating health disparities and other environmental, social, and economic factors that that contribute to infant mortality through continuous research and public health efforts.

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Date Last Reviewed:  October 2021