Culture, Language & Health Literacy Resources: Race/Ethnicity

Race/Ethnicity ResourcesAfrican American

Be Safe Workbook: A Cultural Competency Model for African Americans go to exit disclaimer (PDF - 388 KB) (HRSA Grantee)

Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (AA & NHOPIs)

What are Asian and Pacifc Islander Prevention Needs go to exit disclaimer (2007): (HRSA Grantee)
The Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) and the AIDS Research Institute of the University of California, San Francisco created an updated version of the Asian and Pacific Islander HIV Prevention Fact Sheet. According to the fact sheet, Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States had the highest estimated annual percentage increase in HIV/AIDS diagnosis rates of all race/ethnicities. Studies are showing that the number could be even higher, when underreporting and a lack of detailed HIV surveillance are taken into consideration.

Health Information Gateway: Diabetes go to exit disclaimer (Online Database): (HRSA Grantee)
The Health Information Gateway: Diabetes (“the Gateway”), is an online diabetes information database for physicians, advocates, health educators, patients and their families who need high quality materials in a variety of Asian and Pacific Islander languages. Diabetes, which can lead to heart disease, stroke, blindness and amputation, is currently the fifth leading cause of death among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (AA & NHOPIs) and a major health disparity issue.

Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders in the United States go to exit disclaimer (2010) (HRSA Grantee)
In an effort to help spread even more awareness of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander (AA&NHOPI) health issues during National Asian-American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, AAPCHO released an updated AA&NHOPI in the United States fact sheet with population and socioeconomic changes taken from the 2006-2008 American Community Survey. This new data shows the increasing diversity of the AA&NHOPI population and the need for culturally and linguistically appropriate primary heath care services for these groups.

Evaluation of Culturally Appropriate Community Health Education on Diabetes Outcomes go to exit disclaimer (2008):  (HRSA Grantee)
This fact sheet provides results of a study of Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (AA & NHOPIs) cited by AAPCHO in collaboration with Waianae Coast Comprehensive Health Center (Waianae, HI), that examined the impact of health education utilization on underserved diabetes patients at Waianae Coast Comprehensive Health Center.

Use of Enabling Services by Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific islanders at 4 Community Health Centers go to exit disclaimer (2010):  (HRSA Grantee)
The first paper to examine the utilization and impact of enabling services, such as interpretation and eligibility assistance, among underserved Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and other Pacific Islander patients served at 4 community health centers.

B Activated Resource Guide (2011):  go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Grantee)
This three-part series is designed to give individuals and organizations the skills and knowledge necessary to develop programs and conduct hepatitis B-related policy and media activities. This resource is relevant for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders and other communities at risk for Hepatitis B.

Medically Underserved AAPI Communities (2005):  (HRSA Grantee)
To support Presidential and Congressional Initiatives to improve the participation of underserved Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) in federal programs and to double the number of people served by community health centers by 2006, AAPCHO’s Medically Underserved AAPI Communities (MUAC) project has identified medically underserved AAPI communities across the nation. This Geographic Information Systems (GIS) project provides a county-level assessment of where AAPIs lack access to health care, and helps government agencies and public health workers effectively address AAPI needs. Overall, this project will help health centers in their efforts to improve the health of underserved AAPIs by giving them a better understanding of this population’s health needs.This fact sheet highlights medically underserved counties with the greatest number of AAPIs, exhibits the highest AAPI poverty and limited-English proficiency (LEP) rates across the nation, and summarizes data and methods used for AAPCHO’s MUAC project.

Provider’s Guide to Quality & Culture Asian American and Pacific Islander Seminars go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Contractor)

Shaman and Physicians Partner for Improving Health for Hmong Refugees go to exit disclaimer (PDF - 102 KB) (HRSA Grantee)

Association of Asian Pacific Health Organizations (AAPCHO): Publications go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Grantee)

Clinician's Guide to Working with Asian and Pacific Islanders Living with HIV go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Grantee)

Native American

Native American Women Bring Date Rape Prevention to the Classroom go to exit disclaimer (PDF - 100 KB) (HRSA Grantee)

Clinician's Guide: Working with Native Americans Living with HIV (PDF - 33 2KB) (HRSA Grantee)

Changing Directions: Strengthening the Shield of Knowledge go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Grantee)


Quality Health Services for Hispanics: The Cultural Competency Component (PDF - 6432 KB)  

USA-Mexico Border Health - Cultural Competency go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Grantee)

Latino Be Safe Workbook: A Cultural Competency Model for Latinos go to exit disclaimer (PDF - 402 KB) (HRSA Grantee)


AIDS Education and Training Center (AETC )National Multicultural Center go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Grantee)

TARGET Center (Technical Assistance for the Ryan White Community) Library go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Grantee)

HIV/AIDS Stigma and Access to Care, Facilitator's Guide go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Grantee)

HIV in Communities of Color: The Compendium of Culturally Competent Promising Practices:  The Role of Traditional Healing in HIV Clinical Management go to exit disclaimer (HRSA Grantee)

Date Last Reviewed:  May 2017


Collecting Culturally- and Linguistically-Specific Patient Data. Under the Affordable Care Act, to the extent practicable, federal health data collections will include culturally- and linguistically-specific data on populations served. Guidance and tools have yet to be developed. This information is included as an advisory for program planners.

Culture. Attitudes and behaviors that are characteristic of a group or community. Learn more: What is Cultural Competence? (Office of Minority Health)

Cultural Competence. A set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. What is Cultural Competence? (Office of Minority Health)

Limited English Proficiency
TeamSTEPPS: This evidence-based module will provide insight into the core concepts of teamwork as they are applied to your work with patients who have difficulty communicating in English.

Health Literacy
The degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.

Plain Language
Writing that is clear and to the point, which helps to improve communication and takes less time to read and understand.