The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program covers most vaccines given routinely in the U.S.
For a vaccine to be covered, the category of vaccine must be recommended for routine administration to children or pregnant women by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and subject to an excise tax by Federal law.
The Vaccine Injury Table (PDF - 105 KB) lists injuries and/or conditions associated with some covered vaccines. If the first symptom of these injuries and/or conditions occurs within the specified time periods and the injury meets the definition included in the Table, it is presumed that the vaccine caused the injury or condition unless another cause is proven. This applies even if a covered vaccine is administered "off-label" or contrary to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices recommendations.
If your injury and/or condition is not on the Table or if your injury and/or condition does not meet the Table requirements, you must prove through evidence such as expert witness testimony, medical records, or medical opinion that the vaccine caused the injury and/or condition.
To learn more about covered vaccines and Vaccine Information Statements (VIS), select the links below. Prior to vaccination, the VIS is provided to individuals receiving the vaccine, or their parents and/or legal representatives. The VIS contains information about the disease(s) prevented by the vaccine.
Note: Non-Seasonal Flu Vaccines are not VICP-covered vaccines.
The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program covers all seasonal influenza vaccines, including trivalent and quadrivalent influenza vaccines. This is the vaccine given each year and commonly called the flu shot.
The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program does not cover other non-seasonal influenza vaccines that are used in connection with a pandemic, such as the H1N1 monovalent vaccine that was administered in 2009 during a worldwide outbreak of H1N1 or bird flu. Some non-seasonal influenza vaccines, however, are covered by the Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program (CICP).
If you receive both the seasonal flu vaccine and certain non-seasonal influenza vaccine and suffer a serious injury, you can file a claim with either the VICP or the CICP or with both programs. Your eligibility to receive compensation from either or both programs depends on the specifics of your claim.
Seasonal Flu Vaccine and Children
Children and adults who receive a seasonal influenza vaccines and are thought to be injured may file a petition with the VICP even if the vaccine administered is licensed by the Food and Drug Administration exclusively for adults.
Note: All other formulations of meningococcal vaccines, such as vaccines produced by recombinant DNA technology, are covered under the VICP in otherwise eligible individuals.
Note: Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV, PPV) is not a VICP-covered vaccine.
Note: Herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine is not a VICP-covered vaccine.
For more information, read the FAQs.
The content of this website reflects the current thinking of the United States Department of Health and Human Services on the topics addressed and does not create or confer any rights for or on any person and does not operate to bind the Department or the public. The ultimate decision about the scope of the statutes authorizing the VICP is within the authority of the United States Court of Federal Claims, which is responsible for resolving petitions for compensation under the VICP.
Last Reviewed: January 2017