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About the Committee


The Council on Graduate Medical Education is governed by the Federal Advisory Committee Act, Public Law 92-463 §1 (5 U.S.C. Appendix 2), as amended, which sets forth the standards for the formation and use of advisory committees.

Originally authorized in 1986 for ten years, the Council has been extended through various legislative enactments. The Health Professions Education Partnerships Act of 1998 redesignated the authority for the Council as section 762 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. §294o). That authorization for the Council expired in 2002. Since then, the Council has been extended through successive annual appropriations governing the Department of Health and Human Services.

Charter (PDF - 49 KB)

Charge to the Council

The charge to COGME is broader than the name would imply. Title VII of the Public Health Service Act, as amended, requires COGME to provide advice and recommendations to the HHS Secretary and Congress on the following issues:

  1. The supply and distribution of physicians in the United States.
  2. Current and future shortages or excesses of physicians in medical and surgical specialties and subspecialties.
  3. Issues relating to international medical school graduates.
  4. Appropriate federal policies with respect to the matters specified in items 1-3, including policies concerning changes in the financing of undergraduate and graduate medical education (GME) programs and changes in the types of medical education training in GME programs.
  5. Appropriate efforts to be carried out by hospitals, schools of medicine, schools of osteopathy, and accrediting bodies with respect to the matters specified in items 1-3, including efforts for changes in undergraduate and GME programs.
  6. Deficiencies and needs for improvements in data bases concerning the supply and distribution of, and postgraduate training programs for, physicians in the United States and steps that should be taken to eliminate those deficiencies.

In addition, the legislation calls for the Council to encourage entities providing GME to implement the recommendations of the Council specified in item 5, above. The Council must also develop and publish performance measures and longitudinal evaluations for programs under its charge, as well as recommend appropriation levels for these programs.

Date Last Reviewed:  October 2020