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Rural Residency Planning and Development (RRPD) Program

We provide funding to create new rural residency programs. Only two percent of residency training occurs in rural areas.1 We partner with the Bureau of Health Workforce to improve access to health care by funding programs to train more physicians in rural communities. Training physicians in rural areas increases the likelihood of practicing in a rural community.2

How does funding help RRPD grantees?

We award up to $750,000 (per grant) to support start-up costs to establish new rural residency programs. Grantees may use funding to cover accreditation costs, faculty development, and resident recruitment. This includes both direct and indirect costs.

How can my organization apply?

If eligible, you must show specific needs for:

  • Family medicine
  • Internal medicine
  • Preventive medicine
  • Psychiatry
  • General surgery
  • Obstetrics and gynecology

The most recent RRPD Notice of Funding Opportunity was HRSA-22-094. Please monitor Grants.gov for new funding opportunities.

What technical assistance do you provide?

The RRPD Technical Assistance (RRPD-TA) Program provides webinars, TA advisors, and toolkits to RRPD grantees. Limited free resources are available to other organizations interested in rural residency development.

Topics include:

  • Accreditation
  • Financing
  • Faculty development
  • Recruiting residents
  • Training residents (e.g., webinars, annual meeting, TA advisors)

What impact has RRPD had?

In FY 2019, we funded our first cohort of RRPD awards.

Since then, HRSA awarded $34.4M to 46 organizations across 26 states and four medicine disciplines.

As of December 2021, award recipients:

  • Created 25 new accredited rural residency programs in family medicine, internal medicine, and psychiatry;
  • Received approval for approximately 331 new residency positions in rural areas; and
  • Enrolled over 90 resident physicians training in rural clinical settings

Who are our award recipients?

We supported award recipients in over 25 states.

Contact Us

Sheena Johnson
RRPD Program Coordinator
Email: RuralResidency@hrsa.gov


1United States Government Accountability Office. Graduate Medical Education: Programs and Residents Increased during Transition to Single Accreditor; Distribution Largely Unchanged. GAO-21-329. April 2021.

2 Hempel S, Maggard Gibbons M, Ulloa JG, Macqueen I, Miake-Lye I, Beroes J, et al. Rural Healthcare Workforce: A Systematic Review. VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports. Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs; 2015. 79.1.

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